Most people know how the federal government works but how much do you know about how your state government works? Do you know who’s in the cabinet? What powers the governor has? How bills are proposed? We want to show you how government works in California by answering these and more questions.  

The first step is to understand the three branches of state government.

California Government 101
How California's Government Works

Chart compiled from information from the California State Directory. To see a more detailed organizational chart with a breakdown of government agencies under the executive branch, head to the California Online Directory.

  • JANUARY 7, 2019: Legislature reconvenes.
  • JANUARY 10, 2019: Budget must be submitted by the Governor.
  • JANUARY 25, 2019: Last day to submit bill requests to the Office of Legislative Counsel.
  • February 22, 2019: Last day for bills to be introduced.
  • June 15, 2019: Budget Bill must be passed by midnight.
  • OCTOBER 13, 2019: Last day for Governor to sign or veto bills passed by the Legislature on or before Sept. 13 and in the Governor's possession after Sept. 13.

Senate Calendar | Assembly Calendar


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How California Government Works - FAQs